The concept of information traces its roots in two sides of linguistics: 1) in mathematical linguistics and 2) in the theory of informative functions. In the first regard, the theory of information appears in connection with communication theory and linguistically statistics, both disciplines generating a concept of quantity of information to be applied in all fields of language, especially lexical. With respect to the second regard, information is linked to the syntagmatic dimension of language, namely its combinatory. This approach is still to be fully developed and was founded by the New Prague School during the sixties, and then assimilated to functionalism and generativist. In this approach, the concept of information is narrowly linked with immanent linguistics, in particular disciplines such as syntax, pragmatics and discourse analysis, in which this exposition is centred.
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