Luciano FLORIDI (Universidad Oxford)
In recent years, philosophical interest in the nature of information has been increasing steadily. In particular, one of the current debates concerns the veridical nature of semantic information. The debate –somewhat old– justifies analysing semantic information in terms of well-formed, meaningful and veridical data, which suppose that semantic information encapsulates truth.
“Semantic information” is primarily understood in terms of content about a referent. This content is analysable in terms of well-formed and meaningful data. Strings or patterns of data may constitute sentences in a natural language, but of course they can also generate formulae, maps, diagrams, videos or other semiotic constructs in a variety of physical codes, being further determined by their appropriate syntax (well-formedness) and semantics (meaningfulness). By “about a referent” one is to understand the ordinary and familiar way in which the well-formed and meaningful data, constituting semantic information, concern or address some topic. In this paper, we shall be concerned with only this standard, epistemically oriented concept of semantic information.