Rafael CAPURRO (Stuttgart Medien University)
This text provides an overview of the complex history of the notion of information in the Greek-Latin as well as in the Medieval and Modern traditions. It connects the Latin etymology of the term information with the Greek concepts of eidos/idea and morphé and shows how the objective meaning of information (‘giving form to something’) becomes obsolete in modernity where only the communicational meaning (‘telling something to someone’) remains.
Information theories in the 20th Century are related to the development of technical systems of message transmission. They give rise to a renaissance of the objective notion of information but under a different framework as the one of classic pre-modern philosophy.
Establishing a connection between the concepts of informa-tion and message several options are presented leading to a notion of information based on a theory of messages.